Sensory integration therapy is designed to help kids with sensory processing issues. This type of therapy aims to adjust the way children respond to physical sensations.
Sensory integration therapy is designed primarily for children with sensory processing issues. This may include kids who have ADHD, autism spectrum disorder and dyspraxia. It might also be used with young children who show signs of developmental delay.
Out-of-proportion reactions to touch, sounds, sights, movement, tastes, or smells, including:
* Bothered by clothing fabrics, labels, tags, etc.
* Distressed by light touch or unexpected touch
* Dislikes getting messy
* Resists grooming activities
* Very sensitive to sounds (volume or frequency)
* Squints, blinks, or rubs eyes frequently
* Bothered by lights or patterns
* High activity level or very sedentary
* Unusually high or low pain threshold
Motor skill and body awareness difficulties, including:
* Fine motor delays (e.g., crayons, buttons/snaps, beading, scissors)
* Gross motor delays (e.g., walking, running, climbing stairs, catching a ball )
* Illegible handwriting
* Moves awkwardly or seems clumsy
* Low or high muscle tone
Oral motor and feeding problems, including:
* Oral hypersensitivity
* Frequent drooling or gagging
* “Picky eating”
* Speech and language delays
Poor attention and focus: often “tunes out” or “acts up”
Uncomfortable/easily overstimulated in group settings
Difficulty with self-confidence and independence
Ideally, occupational therapy for SPD is family-centered. Parents are involved and work with the therapist to learn more about their child's sensory challenges and methods for engaging in therapeutic activities (sometimes called a "sensory diet)" at home and elsewhere. The child's therapist may provide ideas to teachers and others outside the family who interact regularly with the child. Families have the opportunity to communicate their own priorities for treatment.